Medieval

We know that by the 13th century a small hamlet called Chester on the Water or sometimes Chester by the Water existed. Its location was on what is in effect the opposite side of the scarp to the Roman town. If this area was still covered in substantial ruins, it is not surprising that the town’s successors chose to build on the side not so densely settled in Roman times but still near the river crossing. That is, focused around the area now occupied by Chester Farm House and to its east.

It is possible that this settlement dates from the Medieval period, as some pottery of this date has been found. The settlement is not in mentioned in the Domesday Book; its first documentary appearance occurs in 1236. However, it is clear that it was not a large settlement and it probably comprised a number of houses arranged alongside what was called Watery Lane (‘Watry Lane’ in a map of 1756). The population by 1309 is described as 24 villeins, tenants and cottars and it is unlikely ever to have been much more.

The area to the east of Chester Farm House contains a number of irregular earthwork ‘humps and bumps’ that may be the remains of some abandoned parts of the village and further work is required to understand how the village changed and developed over the few hundred years before the main house was built.

At the time of the dissolution the owners of the estate gave the village to a monastery to have prayers said for their souls, unfortunately for them the monastery was shortly dissolved and the lands at Chester Farm became the property of the king.

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Chester Farm

Chester Farm

about 2 days ago

Tim Allen on Twitter

Yes there is lots of amazing buried archaeology on our site, not least the whole of a Roman walled small town. https://t.co/5fqc0KXbmb

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Chester Farm

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about 2 months ago

Nene Valley on Twitter

Many thanks and we are glad you enjoyed it. A bit of dry weather is what we need so wellies aren’t so essential! https://t.co/xjkvlBq434

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Chester Farm

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about 3 months ago

Managing the farm

Thanks Jayne! It was lovely to talk to Mr Dickinson, the former estate manager, last year. Read more plus a lovely pic of Jayne as a child. https://t....

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Chester Farm

Chester Farm

about 3 months ago

R Neil Marshman on Twitter

It certainly is. The special & unusual thing about the site is that it offers evidence from nearly all periods across the last 10,000 years or thereab...

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Chester Farm

Chester Farm

about 4 months ago

R Neil Marshman on Twitter

Many apologies. The ‘cursus publicus’ is essentially a set route along which #Roman imperial messengers and messages were sent. Our small walled town ...

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Chester Farm

Chester Farm

about 4 months ago

Chester Farm on Twitter

That is, the cursus publicus. So we curse auto correct! https://t.co/lg02C343Lo

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